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Agrigento and Valley of Temples
Valle dei Templi di Agrigento
Agrigento is one of the most ancient towns of Sicily. As several findings going back to the Bronze and Copper age show, this area was already civilized in prehistoric epoch. It was afterwards gained by the inhabitants of Gela which founded the Akragas town. Akragas became one of the most important centers of the Greek Sicily reaching its maximum brightness under the despot Terone. The town came destroyed and sacked from Carthaginian in 406 B.C. Rebuilt in IV century B.C. came then gained from Romans in 210 B.C. which gave it the name of Agrigentum. All this zone was surrounded by powerful walls, preserved and visible anchors today.
A part of inhabited center was taken to the light and studied in depth: it is Quarter ellenistico-romano; it consists in a series of habitations going up again to IV century B.C., which if also you restore and rearrange remained inhabited up to the D.C. century V.
Some of these habitations preserve inside their interior of the very valuable mosaics and frescoed wall remains. Between the most interesting habitations we mention the house of the abstractionist gazelle, of Dionysus, of Afroditi, the swastikas and the teacher.
Near the ellenistico-romano quarter Convent of San Nicola today which is seat of Archeological Museum is found. The museum lodges, besides varied and interesting archaeological find collections, two valuable monuments: the oratory of Falaride and Ekklesiasterion (III sec).
Ekklesiasterion is an environment obtained in the rock, probably used as seat of the town meeting (Ekklesia).
To Ekklesiaterion he replaced during the centuries the Oratorio of Falaride. The building is composed of an only one vain and was considered for years as a Roman tomb; instead a holy veneration place is to be thought.
The most important holy area is obviously the very famous hill of Temples. In this hill were found a series of temples in optimum state of conservation, admirable above all for the reached stylistic maturity give epoch teachers. I'm in fact between the most important still existing Doric style representations. Temples were built of stone calcarenitica autoctona, covered with plaster both to imitate the marble surfaces and waterproof the environments.